One of the forthcoming activities we are creating is about testing things that float, so here’s an experiment of how to make something float that normally sinks.
All you need float is a bowl of water, a paperclip and some tissue paper.
If you try making a paperclip float in water simply by dropping it in, the chances are it will sink to the bottom, as in this photo.
However, follow these steps and you may find it floats on the water for some time.
1) Fill a bowl with water
2) Place a single sheet of tissue paper flat on the surface
3) Very carefully, lay the paperclip on the tissue
4) Using a pencil or finger prod the tissue paper into the water
5) Hopefully, the paperclip should rest on the surface
If the paperclip floats, this is because it is lying on the “skin” of the water. Water particles have a positive and negative static charge. Because opposites attract, they stick together and create the skin effect, known as surface tension. Simply dropping the paperclip into the water can disrupt this balance, but the gentle actions of lowering the tissue and then the clip, then removing the tissue, allow the surface tension to be maintained.
In this image, you can see the gentle imprint the clip makes in the water. You might see a similar effect with water insects, especially now it’s spring time. In the below picture, see how the pond skaters’ legs gently depress the surface. The skater uses the water’s skin to its advantage, enabling it to travel over the surface of the pond without sinking.
Let us know if you have any luck with it or capture any good pond skater photos!